My bf is putting together his BOB so I wanted to make a checklist for him, possibly something I could later share with friends (see list at bottom of this post).
I thought the first and easiest place to start was the 10 Essentials. Something simple that covered the basics of BOB preparedness, that's not overwhelming and would allow the recipient to develop a bag in stages instead of feeling everything had to be thorough and perfect at once. In my search to get the official list I ended up revising it and creating one of my own for the purpose of creating a BOB, not to replace the hiker's 10 essentials.
I'm not really looking for feedback on the concept or origins of the original 10 Essentials list, or how the original list should be used. I'm just using the idea of the 10 Essentials, specifically as presented in the third link below, as a simple launch point. So I'm looking for feedback on the list contents themselves, not the theory of a 10-list. The intention here is to create an easy starting point for someone new to preparedness or making a BOB, providing a foundation layer that will cover the essential areas and divides up options (such as putting together a basic boo-boo FAK now, then evolving to a proper trauma-ready FAK later).
This seems to be the nearly universal original 10 Essentials list:
- 1. Map
2. Compass (optionally supplemented with a GPS receiver)
3. Sunglasses and sunscreen
4. Extra food and water
5. Extra clothes
7. First aid kit
8. Fire starter
In searching to verify those items I found this list, which is a 10 + 4 list and seemed to cover some of the things I felt were missing from the original list such as bug repellent: Ten Essentials Plus Four
Then I came across this list, which updates the original list by grouping the "tens" into categories instead of single items, but still based on the implied categories of the original list: The 10 essentials: A revised list for emergency wilderness survival (scroll down for the list). That made more sense to me, particularly since it gets people thinking in terms of fulfilling basic needs (food, water, shelter, fire, tools, navigation, weather protection) instead of just singular items.
So in an effort to condense the information and present it in an easy-to-use format I combined those 2 lists and expanded on them in a little more detail, such as changing Sun Protection to Weather protection; adding Hygiene with Insulation; breaking up Illumination to include a section for Signaling; and dividing some of the categories into subsections to be more clear.
Feedback is welcome. Let me know if you feel I've forgotten something or misrepresented something (such as missing an important item or misstated quantities). (ETA: to be clear, a full BOB packing list would accompany this, I just wanted something simple that isn't overwhelming to get someone started.) My second post below lists some initial thoughts on what the next layers of the BOB might be. Feedback on what should go there is welcome as well.
The 10(ish) Essentials (for a BOB)
- map, compass
2. Weather Protection
- SUN: sunglasses, sunscreen, hat
RAIN: poncho, waterproof bag cover
COLD: hat, gloves
DUST/DEBRIS: googles, dust mask
3a. Clothing/Insulation -
- GENERAL: bandana, socks, underwear, bra (women), pants, shirt, boots, jacket
CHILDREN: extra undies and/or "pullups" may be helpful for children newly potty-trained
- GENERAL: hand sanitzer, wet wipes and/or liquid soap, toilet paper and/or tissues, toothbrush, toothpaste
WOMEN: menstrual products (tampons/cloth or disposable pads/menstrual cup), pee funnel
BABIES/TODDLERS: diaper bag with all necessary pee, poo, rash and cleaning items
- flashlight and/or headlamp, extra batteries, candles (also helpful for #6. Fire)
- whistle, light stick (disposable glow stick or battery powered light stick) and/or flare, signaling mirror
5. First Aid
- ENVIRONMENT: bug repellent, lip balm, eye drops, saline spray (dry climates)
BASIC: bandages, tweezers, antiseptic wipes, pain killers, allergy meds, digestive remedies, moleskin
ADVANCED: trauma supplies, training
SPECIAL: current prescriptions, items necessary for medical conditions
6. Fire (redundancy preferred)
- IGNITERS: waterproof matches/container, lighters (and/or block and striker)
TINDER/FUEL: alcohol wipes, Vaseline-soaked cotton balls, paraffin-soaked dryer lint, or fuel sticks
7. Tool Kit
- TOOLS: pocket knife, small pliers/multitool
REPAIRS: zip ties, cordage, duct tape, safety pins
SEWING KIT: regular and heavy duty thread (or at least dental floss), regular and heavy duty needle(s)
8. Nutrition (3 days worth)
- BASIC: (no-cook/no-water food)
- – ex: granola, nuts, jerky/dried meat, dried fruit, protein bars, peanut butter, crackers, foil pouch tuna
- ADVANCED: (cook/add water food)
- – ex: MREs, dehyrated/freeze-dried meals, food saves/seal-a-meal pouches, dehydrated soup, oatmeal
– small stove (alcohol, wood, or gas fueled), metal cup or pots (heat water), mess kit (plate/bowl, utensils)
- - formula/breast pump, baby food (jars, dry and/or instant), foods and formula that don't require refrigeration, extra bottles, extra bottle nipples, necessary brushes and items for cleaning bottles
- - children are often more particular and fussy about foods than adults. What you may find acceptable may be completely "inedible" to your child. Bring foods they're familiar with as well as simple snack foods/finger foods. If your child is still at the age where they require assistance for meals (such as needing food cut) consider packing items that won't need much effort from you.
- WATER & TREATMENT: water (min. 2-4 quarts/2-3.75 liters per day), filter, purification
STORAGE/TRANSPORT: bottle/canteen and/or bladder (min. capacity 16-32oz/.5-1 liters)
10. Emergency Shelter
- space blanket (additional bedroll, blanket, or sleeping sack also helpful), lightweight tent or tarp for tent (with necessary stakes or rope)
edits: clarity, added items to list based on feedback, added items for families