Could be of use now I know a lot of you are getting into bushcraft and the like, I think it also contains some good info for the mock bugout.
Survival the art of keeping yourself alive under harsh circumstances
The Biggest key to survival is Prevention
S - STOP (when lost do not get more lost)
T - THINK
O - OBSERVE
P - PLAN YOUR WAY BACK TO CIVILISATION (or not)
Always stay with your vehicle, 1000 feet up a person is invisible, a vehicle is not
Four essentials of survival:
4. signaling/first aid
Terrain dictates (the order of priority these four essentials are arranged)
Anything in three's, triangles or red (or an upside down flag)
Ration your sweat not your water
Don't touch the last quarter of your food/water until new supply found
during your trip
Bring ¼ more food and water on a trip than you expect to need
Unidentifiable plant/fungi/organ = poisonous
White man builds big fire and freezes, Red man, builds little one and stays warm.
Survival is 80% mental 20% physical – do not give in!!
It is unlikely you will die of hunger – Man can go 40 days without food before irreversible damage takes place
Dehydration will make heat exhaustion worse
Dehydration will make hypothermia worse
The biggest decision when lost on a day hike is to try to make it home before nightfall or stay overnight in the outdoors.
The earlier you realize you won’t get out the more time you have to prepare for spending the night with nature.
Q: What do you carry on a day hike?
A: Enough equipment to survive at least one night in the outdoors. What you carry will depend on your physical state, your level of experience, the outdoor environment and the season of the year.
Man’s natural climate is 27°C dress less or more in order to stay near this temperature
PSK goes as close to the body as possible
Signal mirror round the neck (by the time you have your heliograph out
the PSK the plane will have passed)
Knife on the belt, not belt kit (especially in jungle environment,
where the machete plays a vital role in survival)
Tinder, kindling and a fire starter packed dry but so accessible you
can start a fire in two minutes (important in artic regions
especially). Best packed in an outer layer, smock for example.
Therefore the rule goes: live out your bergan, fight out of your LBV,
and survive out your smock
Next to your knife belongs its honing stone (or leather strop)
Next to your water bottle belongs puritabs (or millbank filter)
Next to your (red) torch belongs the spare batt
Next to your Firesteel belongs tinder and kindling (waterproofed)
You carry at least two types of fire lighting equipment. The first being the easier one like matches or a lighter. As a secondary means a flint and steel or similar is carried. Although this equipment need practice in order to be used effectively it will provide more fires than you will ever need and it works even when wet.
smoke desert black
Night is still the E&E soldier's best friend
If you cannot gather 1300 calories a day do not consume food, requires
more energy to operate the digestive tract.
It is not the choice of which fixed blade that shows the (lack)
survival knowledge but the addition of a secondary blade.
Weather is the greatest danger to any trip, no matter how long or
short the trip.
(Looking at history from Shackleton (long term survival) to the cross
decking trip of the SAS in 1982 (where 21 personnel died))
Things tend to go wrong on the last part of trips as people start to
switch off. After all, the first part went fine!
It doesn't matter whether you are a hiker or a soldier, you can load
yourself down with the best equipment in the world but chances are
when you need it most it won't be there. Knowledge is the key to
survival and the beauty is it doesn't weigh anything.
Gear will only help the one who wants to survive give up and gear is useless
Do people die of shame in the woods? Maybe so. It has been known that
people hide themselves from SAR teams, checking out the direction in
which they leave in the hope that they can follow them...
When packing for a trip remember the following needs:
Something to sleep under
Something to sleep in
Something to sleep on
Something to cook in
Something to cook over
Something to light fire with
Something to purify water with
Something to carry water in
Something to drink water from
Something to cut with
Something to navigate with
Something to see in the dark with
Something to signal with
You choose your items depending on where you are going in the world.
(Different environments demand different type of shelter, clothing, footwear etc but the principle stays the same)
Important questions when lost:
Where am I?
What time is it?
How many hours of daylight have I got (can I get home before nightfall?)
What equipment have I got?
Is someone going to report me missing? (when?)
Is someone going to look for me in the right area?
Panic is a result of (extreme) fear.
Panic is like a fire: it can warm you or burn you down
Panic, like fire, should be respected
Two types of people: those who can control fear and those who can’t. We are neither and both depending on the situation and how that affects our emotion
Water conducts can conduct heat away from the body up to 27 times faster than air
This is something I found on another fourm
The basic rule for what to pack when venturing out for a day hike is to bring enough to survive a night out. The factors that influence this kit list is:
-your physical state
-your level of training and expertise
-the season of the year
I think the factors speak for themselves so I won’t go into that.
When I think of kit needed to survive a night out and not necessarily be comfortable the following would be included in my list:
Enough food for the day (and an eating utensil)
Enough water for the day.
Something to cut with: preferable a solid fixed blade and a simple folder. Fallkniven have an excellent reputation yet their knifes are competitively priced.
Something to make local water drinkable with in case I need to stay out longer than planned. Terrain dictates here. Maybe I nothing more than just boil the water to make it drinkable in or I may need a filter/purifier/purifying tablets.
Something to protect me from the elements: waterproofs, gloves, wooly hat (really essential), scarf or a shamagh (great bit of kit). I also carry a hypothermia blanket.
Something to navigate with: A map and a compass (and preferable a good map case to protect your map, not essential but no luxury either)
Something to make fire with: a bic lighter/weatherproof matches. In addition to that I carry a secondary means of fire making: flint and steel (swedish firesteel is the best). This won’t get wet and will create 3000 fires, enough for anyone. I also recommend some form of tinder and kindling to carry in your smock pocket in waterproof packaging. Together this kit will allow you to start a fire within two minutes.
Something to see in the dark with: a torch and preferable taped spare batts. (I use a Petz Tactikka – expensive but the very best).
Something to signal with: apart from a fire (smoke daytime, light nighttime) I carry a heliograph and a strobe to attract attention with. Pen flares are great toys but expensive and there are some great torches out there with a strobe function. In addition a whistle is good to have too (If you have a torch without a strobe function but want to attract attention at night light you can attach the light source to the end of a piece of string and swing it round– nothing in nature makes that movement).
Something to sleep in: in order to prevent your core body temperature dropping too much. For a day hike I’m thinking along the lines of a emergency survival bag (in comby with a hypo blanket) which you can stuff with (dry) fauna as insulating material. Or opt for a sleeping bag liner. It wont be a comfortable night out but will help you stay alive. If you don’t mind something more expensive than a Softie Merlin 3 sleeping bag is good: Small, lightweight and rated at -5 (although Softy isn’t known for their conservative ratings). But you still will be wanting at least 15cm insulation from the ground whatever you chose to use. You can use natural materials to achieve this.
Something to sleep under: a lightweight poncho with string is adequate IMO.
Something to boil water in (and possible heat food or boil in the bag rations) and drink from: metal mug. Although you see many people with the standard BCB mug inc Ray Mears I would look into some Swedish kit. They come with a top handle and a lid which is a great improvement as it cuts heating time. Alternatively you could fabricate a lid for the BCB mug yourself.
Something to treat your injuries with: a small first aid kit with bandages to treat sprains, alcohol swipes to clean cuts, plasters, tape and gauzes to cover them, tweezers, triangular bandage and non sterile gloves. I also carry a FFL in case of a single large cut.,.. but that really should cover it.